文化生產 dNetwork

IUF : 物聯網開關與社會錢包工作坊

智慧都市網絡國際論壇將於下週舉行,除了首日的主題研討會,我們也邀請來自阿姆斯特丹的Dyne.org帶來首無前例的工作坊。從兩個簡短於阿姆斯特丹訪問的影片,可以窺見其中兩位的風采,那種活力、能動、搞笑又愛搞事的黑客態度。完整訪談影片將於論壇二日的微型成果展中播映,專家學者的發表摘要也將陸續發佈。

> 工作坊報名網址 < 報名截止日: 2018/11/15 PM:12:00 前 ,工作坊只接受事先報名者參加。

 

 

 

工作坊簡介

 

……我們理解到:由查巴達民族解放軍自我管理的其他層面所帶來的放任自由主義結構,勢必成為一個「好軍閥(good government juntas)」的必然結果。最為挑釁的觀點在於,構成每個軍閥的實際人員以令人難以置信的快速方式輪換。根據副總司令馬可斯的說法,依據不同地區的狀況,滾動式決策(rotation)的調整週期平均為八到十五天。

——摘自〈查巴達民族解放軍:新策略〉

古代巫者以卜杖探尋水源(dowsing)可被視為某種占卜的運用形式,不仰靠任何科學儀器,以探知地下水脈、礦藏、石油、墓穴等其他物質。這種尋水的方式被認為是偽科學,並且缺乏其有效性的科學證明。

——摘自《韋伯辭典》

我們企圖經由一套調控裝置,通過模擬程序將人們與媒介之間的共振進行視覺化與展演。對於數位化的現實來說,任何的程序皆將成為體驗性的,並且因之產生迴響,也因此模擬程序即為實際過程。在如此的數位化現實之下,類比身體與數位處理過程相互交融成為混種的現實,任何與我們相關聯的數據都將成為資訊。

假若我們設法贏回日常生活中種種的常識衝突的管理,就像在分散式的自主能源計畫上、在連結性上、在本地區域網路上、在認同身份 / 例如免費簡訊服務把所有資料儲存在本地的伺服器上,甚至在付費機制中的交換價值行為上,在運用各種形式創造新的社會關係與其所帶來的潛能中,我們創造了使用者主體的能動性。如果我們能夠做到的話,我們將能打造一套真正的平衡關係:在肉身的身份認同,與情報和虛擬的各種能力之間。

隨著時間的推移,我們無疑將順著各種力量的成長並相互交織,但我們必須小心翼翼地沿著羊腸小徑通過,並在行經那些阻撓的灌木叢時緊緊抓住彼此。

我們必須抵制任何將靈魂帶往毀滅的道路。

數位大趨勢:物聯網(Internet of Things)

當前的網路安全範式已然潰堤。網路攻擊已經造成英國企業每年一百八十億英鎊的收益損失,並持續支出逾一百六十億英鎊的資訊技術成本。這些簡單的事實顯示資訊技術產業中的所有利害關係人皆受益於當前的處境。物聯網的本質是從人體區域網路(BAN)、區域網路(LAN)、廣域網路(WAN)到大範圍區域網路(VWAN)的無縫銜接。誰能夠確保連結到這些閘道的可追蹤性(traceability)、永續性(sustainability)與安全性(security),誰就能提供身體與心理健康的最佳反饋、依據資源分配的即時監控做出最佳的家戶選擇、以開源軟體數據與資訊的即時監測為基礎產生最佳決策,以及為地方能源供應商在廣域社群的全球潛能建議最佳聯盟。以 Google 為例:Google推出眼鏡、辨識鏡頭、智慧電表、智慧家居、無人車與自動駕駛,啟動資料開放計劃,並且利用慈善基金會(Google.org)形成文化霸權⋯⋯我們認為:該是時候將這些閘道(gateways):平台、應用程式與軟體市集模式交回公眾手上了。我們必須將整個系統拔升到一個新的層次。我們必須將整個系統拔升到一個新的層次。但是要怎麽進行呢?

動手做(一):尋網(Dowse the Net)

在物聯網開關工作坊上,參與者將將被引介由Dyne.org開發的DOWSE工具,這套網路偵測系統又被稱作物聯網開關,可以一般性的方法在物聯網之流中打造出一個栓塞。

路由器越來越被看作是一個關鍵的弱點。 DOWSE具備調製解調器(modem)的功能,可以接管網路連結,並為終端使用者提供不同網路層級的感測。 使用者可以藉之感測流量,並在必要的時候啟動阻擾;假若出現故障,亦可以此切斷網路。 此外,還可以通過簡單的編程將小範圍區域網路的偵測資料轉換為個人的心智圖。透過客製化的偵測,開展良知的範疇,並帶來可能的和平。

DOWSE是套開源軟硬體,參與者可以輕鬆地在網路中完成DOWSE的架建,甚至可以設置在如樹莓派(raspberry-pi)這樣低成本電腦上。參與者可以在自己家中設置DOWSE系統,邊可以隨時偵測或者關閉不想要的網路通訊。電話、平板電腦、電腦軟體或其他智慧家電……DOWSE雷達甚至可以偵測你的冰箱和鞋子。正因如此,DOWSE具有眾多的用途,可以消除惡意軟體和不受歡迎的廣告,或是協助提升家庭網路的速度;更重要的是,你可以對於所有設備的活動一目瞭然,並且在必要的時候得以屏蔽一切網路與數據傳輸,達到隱身的效果。

DOWSE工具非常適合自造者,透過打造自己專屬的智能電表和響應式環境,開始練習「尋網」的藝術; 並且利用Websocket和OSC等各種推播與監視技術,完善自己喜愛的介面構建

 

關於工作坊的資訊:

 

互聯網開關工作坊大約以一天的時間(實際安排以大會最後決定議程為主)讓與會者透過 DOWSE 開放硬體設定、探索與反映私人網段訊息、共享資源、網路覺察等訊息。Dyne 的藝術家與黑客會引導大家製作自己的 DOWSE 盒子,持續關注那些你想要追蹤的周遭訊息。

參與者被邀請攜帶自己的筆記型電腦、開發環境、 Arduino、樹莓派、MIDI 螢幕控制器、觸控輸入平板、馬達,植物、燈具或任何奇奇怪怪的裝置物件,還有帶著你自己的創意想法一起參加這個工作坊。工作坊等級:全等級均可參與,從 uber API 等級操控技術黑客到入門參與者都歡迎。

參與者在工作坊結束時,將會被引介 DOWSE 這套工具,以及了解 Dyne.org「共同設計」(co-design)的方法論;心中將會有一個想法,也許一兩個計畫,在接下來的空閒時候可以一一實踐。

 

動手做(二):身份認同與社會錢包(Identity and Social Wallet)

針對物聯網所引發的問題,我們提出由基進觀察的練習和思辨設計(speculative design)作為另一種回應方法。這種思辨設計的方法由數種原理組合而成:UNIX哲學(有別於複雜的大工具,經由小元件協同完善訊息流動)、開放世界的精神及其幾乎形而上學的後果、複雜的動力學和混沌理論、激進觀察,以及由身份認同、個人財產和金錢的流動性所構成的整體基本假設。我們認為,運用不同結構設計將創造更有益的環境,若將當前技術與上述概念相結合,便有機會重新裝配資訊社會現實。

社會錢包工作坊分為二部分:第一部分透過桌遊(table game)介紹複雜互動情境;第二部分則將所浮現的想法經過共同設計(co-designing)的方式,運用自由軟體與Dyne軟體工具組,納入這些最有價值意見。

除了「思維設計」方法論,工作坊還將運用部分Dyne 軟體工具組:

禪室(Zenroom)的受限執行環境:禪室是一種強勢的LUA語法翻譯(syntax-directed translation)解析器的沙盒(sandbox)。禪室這套虛擬機器(VM)被設計為脆弱機制,並且在任何錯誤發生的時候退出執行,以返回有意義的訊息。禪室的開發文件和程式範例被設計為鼓勵宣告式編程的撰寫,並能將複雜的數據結構作為第一類物件。

- 社會錢包:透過社會錢包應用程式介面(SWAPI),參與者可以自行創建、運營或是管理自己的補充貨幣。社會錢包是一組開源軟體的組件,經由資料庫的支持建立自訂義和可配置性的錢包,並可連接到多個區塊鏈。社會錢包對於各種公司、組織或是社區來說都相當實用,無論是欲採用補充貨幣、設定紅利回饋機制或是連接到使用者現有加密貨幣錢包,社會錢包的彈性與強適應性,皆能依據其具體需求進行調整,滿足使用者的各項需求。

轉變分析(Trasformator analysis):當複雜性的增加受到歡迎,便會產生轉型,並意味著能動性;反之,當創傷發生,則反映複雜性的增加不受青睞,除了凸顯「風險」,並無任何能動性。通過轉變分析這套方法論:(1)「實現永續設計」;(2) 啟動與推廣在地草根行動;(3) 在遙遠的區域仍能有效運作;(4) 涉入在地的社區;藝術家與技術工作者得以通過這種生態系統共享知識,並將創造性知識的流通生成為可持續的創新生態系統。

- 我們無法在當地處理的任何事情:控制論先驅史塔福德・貝爾(Stafford Beer)曾將此稱作是「能夠穿越系統各個層次的『欣快痛感的訊號』(algedonic signal)」。我們可以逐次層層遞進,但必須確保每一回得在場。我們假設一切都將伴隨當前的阻礙增長,也因此必須同時納入所有其他架構。世界本身(就像我們的世界)只是另外一組協定,其終極目標是微調與聚焦在提供給人們、動物、植物與機器其歡愉存在。


不是的,我們當前的處境並非由兩股相對勢力混合而成的媒介狀態,而是由一組遵守冪定律的三角多項式構築而成。我們永遠都處在三重的辯證世界,而非二元對立的拉扯。

 

活動免費參加-會議全程中英即時翻譯,座位有限、請預先報名,可於現場優先領取翻譯機。
>> 論壇報名網址 <<<   
報名截止日: 2018/11/15 PM:12:00 前 ,現場報名得視座位情況,另行開放。

 

DOWSE/SWAPI: a workshop and a co-design session by dyne.org

…we learn that the ”good government juntas” follow the libertarian structures established by the other layers of Zapatista self-management. By far the most provoking aspect is that the actual people who make up each junta are rotated in an incredibly rapid fashion. According to Marcos, these rotations are from every *”eight to 15 days (according to the region)”[1]

“Dowsing is a type of divination employed in attempts to locate ground water, buried metals or ores, gemstones, oil, gravesites, and many other objects and materials without the use of scientific apparatus. Dowsing is considered a pseudoscience, and there is no scientific evidence that it is any more effective than random chance. Dowsing is also known as divining, doodle bugging or (when searching specifically for water) water finding, water witching (in the United States) or water dowsing.”   [Webster Dictionary]

We want to visualise/perform a setting in which people resonate with media through simulating processes. Simulating processes that are actual processes, for in a digitised real, any process might become experiential, might resonate. In such a digitised real, a hybrid reality in which our analogue bodies and digital processing fuse into each other, any data might become information; that is: data to which we relate, resonate.

If we manage to win back common sense conflict management in everyday life as well as agency over energy (p2p, solar, blockchain, see https://www.dajie.eu) over connectivity (see @thethingsntwrk ) over the Local Area Network (see http://dowse.eu), over identity (decodeproject.eu DECODE OS) over a free messaging service keeping all data in a local server (a robot dressed as a tortoise crouching up and down the street) over forms of swapping value in payments (all kinds of #crypto and https://freecoin.dyne.org) over forms of creating new relationships and potential for growing these (@Trasformatorio), well if we can do all that we can build a real good balance between our corporeal identities and intelligences and virtual capabilities.

In time, in time, we will no doubt grow along and inside each other but we must walk up to that carefully and gently, along with the byways, scratching our hands in the bushes as we brush them.

Any other path leads to an oblivion of our souls and must be resisted.

 

First part: Digital Megatrends: Internet of Things

 

The current Cybersecurity paradigm is broken. Cyber attacks cost for example UK businesses £18 billion in lost revenue and £16 billion in increased IT spending per year as a result of these hacks. It is clear that this simple fact demonstrates that all stakeholders in the industry benefit from the current situation.

Internet of Things is in its essence the seamless flow between them

  • BAN (body area network): the ambient hearing aide, the smart t-shirt
  • LAN (local area network): the smart meter as a home interface
  • WAN (wide area network): Telematics, ITS, Connected Car
  • VWAN (very wide area network): the smart city as e-gov services everywhere no longer tied to physical locations

Whoever ensures traceability, sustainability and security linking up the gateways (Fog and Cloud) is able to offer the best possible feedback on physical and mental health, the best possible household decisions based on real-time monitoring for resource allocation, the best possible decision making based on real-time data and information from open sources and the best possible alignments of local energy providers with the global potential of wider communities. Google, for example- is rolling out Glass and Lens, the Google Power meter and NEST, the Car and automotive, open data initiatives, and cultural hegemony through google.org We want to argue that these gateways, the platform, and the ‚app’ or service store model should be in public hands.

We have to take the entire system to a new level.

How?

Hands-On one: Dowse the net

 

In DOWSE workshop we propose building blocks with a general methodology, designing for dowse.

Dowse, Network Sensing AKA: the ON-OFF switch for the Internet of Things

The router is increasingly identified as a key weak spot. Dowse takes over just after the connection to the internet is made (modem function) and offers end-users full awareness on network level. You can be aware of flows, you can block them if necessary. And you can switch off the internet in case of malfunction. Plus a simple way to program behaviours in your networked vicinity to translate this awareness into your own mental map. Personalised awareness, expansion of conscience and (maybe) peace.

DOWSE is open source and open hardware device that you can set up on a low-cost computer board (as a raspberry-pi).
It is easy to set up dowse in your network, it configures in a breeze.

Between other tasks will speed the home network up, eliminating malware and unwanted advertising. Moreover allows you to be invisible, if you want so, and aware of all your devices activities in a glimpse. Phones, tablets, computer applications or other electronic things “calling home”; fridge and shoes included will pop up on your DOWSE radar and you can decide to switch them off.

SET DOWSE IN YOUR HOME, so you can sense and switch off any unwanted network communication and block it.

PS: DOWSE IS GREAT FOR MAKERS: allows you to practice the art of “dowsing the net” while you create your own smart meters, your responsive environments or objects. Talks Websockets and OSC and interfaces with anything, allowing you to create the interface you want.

THE DOWSE WORKSHOP is a day dedicated to set up, explore and reflect on the notion of private network, shared resources, net awareness through dowse. You will be guided by dyne.org hackers and artists in making your own dowse box to bring home and in inventing ways to bring to your attention events interfacing with it.

SOME TECH INFO ABOUT THIS WORKSHOP:

WHAT SHOULD YOU BRING: your laptop of choice if you like, your dev platform, and anything physical: Arduino stuff, midi OSC enabled controllers, touch pads, motors, plants or lamps, and other mumbo-jumbo and creative ideas alike. Level of the workshop is ANY. All served, from the uber-geek to the beginner alike.

END OF THE DAY:

You will be introduced to Dowse, you will know more about co-design methodologies of dyne.org, you will have an idea, maybe two and a small project to realise in your spare time…

DOWSE is developed by dyne.org, your favourite free-software Think&do Tank

more info:
www.dowse.eu
www.dyne.org

Hands-On Two: identity and Social Wallet

Another approach to questions raised by #IoT passes through radical observation exercises and speculative design. This speculative design approach is based on various principles: UNIX philosophy (flow of information between small tools doing one thing well versus big complex tools), the open world assumption and her almost metaphysical consequences, complex dynamics and chaos theory, radical observation and some assumptions on the fluidity of basic concepts that have been intended monolithically since: identity, personal property, money.

We argue that different structure, more useful, can be assembled with these elements enlighten (or darkened) by current technology.

This workshop consists of two parts: in the first one, an introduction to the complex interaction of the situation is introduced through a table game. In the second some of the ideas appeared are co-designed into possible MVP using free software and Dyne toolkit.

Tools that are part of Dyne’s own toolkit of software and speculative design methodologies:

  1. Zenroom’s restricted execution environment: is a sort of sandbox whose parser is based on LUA’s syntax-direct translation engine and has coarse-grained control of computations and memory. The Zenroom VM it is designed to “brittle” and exit execution returning meaningful messages on any error occurred. Zenroom’s documentation and examples are being written to encourage a declarative approach to scripting, treating even complex data structures as first-class citizens. (Jaromil, org)
  2. SWAPI Social Wallet API, create, run and model within a wallet your complementary currency. The social Wallet toolkit is a collection of open source software components that can be used to create custom and configurable wallets that are backed by a database and can connect to multiple blockchains. The wallet toolkit is useful for any company, organisation or community that wants to adopt a complementary currency, experiment with reward schemes or needs a wallet to connect to an existing cryptocurrency wallet. The software is flexible and adaptable and can be adjusted to specific requirements. (Aspasia “aspra” Beneti, Lead developet SWAPI, org)
  3. TRASFORMATOR analysis: Transformation occurs when the rise of complexity is welcomed. This means there is an agency. Trauma occurs when the rise of complexity is un-welcomed. This means there is no agency, only ‘exposure’. The trasformatorio methodology stimulates and evaluates the circulation of creative knowledge – into a sustainable innovation ecosystem through which artists and technologists, share knowledge to: (1) realise sustainable design; (2) initiate and promote local bottom-up initiatives; (3) operate effectively in remote areas; (4) involving local communities. (Federico “fredd” Bonelli, org)
  4. Anything we cannot handle locally: Stafford Beer called this an algedonic signal. These can be handled one level up each time. We have to make sure we are present at any level. Let us assume these will scale alongside the current blocs. We thus have to be in the architectures of a 500 million zone called Europe. The world itself – as our world – is just another set of protocols tuned to its ultimate goal of providing a joyful existence to humans, animals, plants, and machines.

No, the situation is not a hybrid between opposing forces but a triangular concept. Not a mediation but a power law.

We are always in three worlds, not two.

[1]Date: Mon, 28 Nov 2005 15:56:41 -0500 Subject: The Zapatistas: A New Strategy

http://www.infoshop.org/inews/article.php?story 051119000316439 From Red &Black Revolution 10 – 2005 – online soon

[2]Fanfare for effective freedom cybernetic praxis in government. by Stafford Beer Published 1973 by The Polytechnic in Brighton

 

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